First Aid for Cyclists Level 2 (VTQ)

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Abdominal Injuries

Video 62 of 83
2 min 8 sec
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Abdominal Injuries: Causes, First Aid, and Urgent Care

Understanding the Abdominal Cavity

Discover the significance of the abdominal cavity, its location, and the potential risks associated with injuries.

Abdominal Anatomy

Explore the unique characteristics of the abdominal cavity:

  • Location: Positioned below the ribcage and above the pelvic cavity.
  • Protective Challenge: Unlike the chest and pelvic cavities, there are no bones shielding the abdomen, making it vulnerable to injuries that can result in severe harm to abdominal organs like the liver, spleen, or stomach.
  • Combined Injuries: In some cases, injuries may affect both the pelvic and abdominal regions, necessitating immediate medical attention.

Organ Responses to Trauma

Understand how different abdominal organs react to traumatic injuries:

  • Hollow Organs: Hollow organs, such as the bladder, are prone to rupture when subjected to trauma, leading to the release of their contents into the surrounding area.
  • Solid Organs: Solid organs like the liver tend to tear instead of rupturing, often resulting in slow bleeding that can easily go unnoticed.

First Aid for Abdominal Injuries

Learn the crucial steps to take when dealing with traumatic abdominal injuries:

  • Protruding Organs: If an injury causes the patient's internal organs to protrude from the abdominal wall, do not attempt to push them back in, as this can worsen the situation.
  • Correct Position: Have the individual lie flat with their knees bent and cover the exposed organs with a moist, sterile dressing made of non-adhesive material that won't cling to the affected organs.
  • Restrict Food and Drink: Even if the patient complains of extreme hunger or thirst, refrain from allowing them to eat or drink.

Seek Immediate Medical Assistance

Remember that prompt medical help is essential for any injury. A first aid responder's role is to stabilize the patient until professional assistance arrives.